What you need to know about Arduino programming

It is an undeniable fact that a lot of innovations in the field of computer and technology are on the rise. The fast-growing advancements have dominated the world in a lot of aspects. And one of the latest technological inventions in the field of computer is the Arduino programming. Some programming enthusiasts had their eyes screwed on it to figure out and understand how Arduino programming works.

What is Arduino programming?

Arduino is an open-source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. It is recommended for artists, designers, hobbyists, and anyone who has the heart to create interactive objects or environments. This programming tool creates a bigger space for artists of any kind so they can explore more of their imagination. It can be compared to a toddler’s toy, the artist being the child and Arduino as the toy.

Arduino as a microcontroller

A microcontroller is a computer present in a single integrated circuit which is intended to perform one task and execute a specific application. In simpler words, it is an integrated computer on a chip. Now, Arduino is a microcontroller on a circuit board that makes it easier to receive inputs and drives outputs.

To completely figure out how Arduino works as a programming tool, first things first; you have to understand the things that are connected to it like inputs and outputs. And here is a brief description of the following:


Some examples of inputs are motion sensor, a temperature sensor, a distance sensor, a switch and so forth.


Lights, screens and a motor are only a few examples of outputs.

Now before you can utilize Arduino, you are going to need an Arduino Board. So how are you going to get one?

There are several online distributors that keep stocks of Arduino boards. Most often than not, boards are bundled, and they come with a starter kit. The latter includes a variation of inputs, outputs, resistors, wires, and breadboards. So all you have to do is place an order online so you can get started. And here’s a tip, most programming enthusiasts use sites like Adafruit and Element14. But you can also pick one up personally, from any local RadioShack near you.

Programming Arduino

This is the next step once you already have your board. So for example, you have an Arduino UNO R3 board, all you need to have with you is the required USB cable to get started on transferring the program from your computer to the board.

Now, next to the Arduino logo on the left, you will find an LED, short for light-emitting diode, it is a small light with a letter L next to it. Once you have found it, switch it on and off then
make it blink on and off again for 2 seconds at a time.

The first time you plug your USB cable into your Arduino and computer, you will notice that the LED it was not blinking.
It may alarm you, but you do not have to worry because it is just a default program stored on the chip. You just have to override it.

It is the USB cable that powers the device. Arduinos can stand alone through the use of a power supply in the bottom left of the board. The moment you are done programming it, and it no longer requires to be continuously connected to your machine; you can now opt to power it separately. It entirely depends on the case of usage and circumstances that you are going to use the device for.

After you have completed this step, you are going to have to download an Arduino software package for your operating system. Once it is downloaded, you can begin with the initial set up. Now when you are done with setting up, we can move on to the Code. The code you write for Arduino is known as sketches; they are written in C++. Up next, you are going to deal with Headers and Pins. The two black rectangles with several squares found on the top edge of the board are called headers. They make it easy for components to connect to the Arduino while the spots where they are connected to on the board are called pins. It is essential to know what pin something is connected to for programming an Arduino.

The next thing that you have to do is to compile the code. If it is your first time ever to compile a code in your Arduino, go to the Tools menu then Serial Port and take note of what happens
there before plugging it into the computer.

What’s next? You can now collaborate to improve, remix and build on. With Arduino, let your imagination run wild.

With Arduino, you can do anything from programming robots, craftsmanship of establishments, in-auto PCs, MIDI controllers, and mixed drink producers with human-PC interfaces. You will never run out of options. People with knowledge about Arduino programming know about its major highlight which is its capacity to peruse information from sensors, to send and get advanced flags and interface using a serial to your PC. You can also control numerous things from LEDs and LCDs to engines and transfers. Isn’t it amazing how Arduino programming works? With its help, you can cross borders and be limitless. It can be your ultimate buddy in turning your techi dreams into reality.

A lot of programming enthusiasts have been giving positive feedback on how wonderful this new programming tool is.
They tried it, and as a result, they were satisfied with what Arduino has to offer. It is indeed the new and the biggest technological breakthrough in the field of programming. It lets you go beyond your boundaries and allows you to explore more of your potential. Arduino programming opens a lot of
possibilities not just for those who have backgrounds in computer and technology, its simplicity makes it user-friendly, so anyone can experience limitless options.